Linguistics map of the Iberian Peninsula 1000-2000 AD
When language isolates are discussed, people often assume they are some weird, unique language that just sprung out of nowhere. It’s much more likely that these languages (like Basque) were parts of must larger families that died out. In this gif, you can see how Castilian overwhelms Iberia, which had been primarily speaking Arabic - Mozarabic. Even at that time, Basque was already a fairly small language. So what did the language landscape look like before Arabic - Mozarabic was the dominant language family?
I don’t know, but language has been around a lot longer than we have historical accounts, and it’s reasonable to think that Basque’s language family was once spoken in a much wider area. Who knows, maybe it originates from a language family that dominated Europe before Germanic and Romance languages existed. In any case, we no longer can trace it back to connect it to the languages in Europe today.
robertboyds , you may find this interesting.
Yes, thank you! :D
Social Statistics 1914-2014
The Guardian recently worked together with four major newspapers from across Europe to gather data on how life in Europe has changed since 1914. They have gathered their findings into a series of graphic representations of the changes.
Data was gathered on life expectancy, which has rapidly risen, birth rates, which have contracted, the size of each nation’s military and the populations of each country - which have massively increased since 1914.
The most interesting aspect of the statistics is that we can compare the national characteristics of the major combatants. In 1914, Germany had by far the largest population and number of men under arms, closely followed by France. It’s interesting to note that the relative size of the nations’ militaries have all shrunk except in Italy where it has increased.
The raw data gathered by the newspapers can be seen here, it includes a number of fields, such as car ownership, for which data could not be collected for all of the countries.
"Um Freiheit und Leben - Volkssturm" - A poster for the German militia forced raised in 1944 as a last ditch manpower boost as the Allied powers closed in on Nazi Germany. Tens of thousands of boys (13 was the minimum age) and old men (up to sixty years old) who hadn’t already been put in uniform were drafted into service, many of them to die in the futile last few months of fighting.
A celebration of the Japanese capture of the German fortification at Tsingtao in China during the First World War. Although the ships in the background are presumably British, there seems to be no real acknowledgement of the British assistance in the fight.